The proposed project targets two cities; Rawalpindi, in Punjab Province, and Nowshera, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province. Rawalpindi is 20 kilometres south of Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital. Nowshera is around 140km to the northwest of Islamabad by road, and around 45km east of Peshawar, KPK’s capital.
The target communities in Nowshera and Rawalpindi are characterized by a high exposure to floods and water scarcity. Climate sensitivity in Pakistan’s cities is underpinned by rapid urbanization and population growth, leading to people residing in high-risk flood areas. Underlying vulnerabilities are extreme poverty, informality and limited access to basic services, mainly clean water (often due to water contamination caused by floods), gender inequali-ties and environmental degradation. Moreover, adaptive capacities at household, community and governance level are barriers for change.
As per the preliminary results of National Housing and Population Census 2017, Rawalpindi district has a total population of 5,405,633 distributed in 888,765 households. Of this population 2,875,516 or 53 percent resides in urban settlements of the district. Of the total urban population 2,098,231 is concentrated in Rawalpindi city alone. The annual growth rate is 2.75 percent. The average household size is around 5.8 persons per household.
For the implementation of the AF project, the following communities in Rawalpindi city are proposed to be targeted:
According to National Housing and Population Census 2017, Nowshera district has a total population of 1,518,540. The average household size is 7.6 persons. 197,673 people live in Nowshera City. 22 percent of the population relies on agriculture while most people are in other professions or government service. Target communities and populations, of which youth and children are highly represented, are mostly affected by interrelated water scarcity, water borne diseases and floods. Floods mainly come from the river, but also from channels sourced from the mountains, affecting houses, but also enter dug wells, hand pump, and motor pumps, contaminating groundwater. Women and children are especially hit hard by floods, diseases and water scarcity.
For the implementation of the AF project, the following communities in Noshera city are proposed to be targeted:
|No. of UCs||Name of UCs|
|UC #1||Ratta Amral|
|UC # 2||Dhok Ratta|
|UC # 4||Dhok Mangtal|
|UC # 5||Dhok Hassu North|
|UC # 6||Dhok Hassu South|
|UC # 12||Dhok Najju|
|UC # 37||Dhok Dalal|
|S. No.||Name of NCs|
Allah Yar Khel
Behram Khan Khel